CLIMATE - SOIL - BALTIC SEA - BIODIVERSITY
Carbon Action platform brings together and conducts scientific research to enhance soil carbon sequestration and improve climate impacts of agriculture. The platform contains multiple research projects and a multi-disciplinary network of researchers.
The research work includes collaboration with farmers to develop regenerative agricultural practices that enhance carbon sequestration. An important objective is to develop a practical quantification and verification system of carbon sequestration and climate impacts by combining various measurements and modeling. Soil and microbial analyses, plant diversity measurements, atmospheric measurements and modeling are used to study fluxes and sequestration of carbon at study sites. Nutrient retention and nutritional quality of the agricultural products are also studied. Economical and policy analyses are carried out to develop feasible, effective and practical solutions of carbon farming.
The scientific research in Carbon Action is coordinated by the Finnish Meteorological Institute. Natural Resources Institute Finland LUKE, Finnish Environment Institute SYKE, University of Helsinki, University of Tampere, University of Zürich and Ruralia Institute are partners in the research network. The network has wide international collaboration contacts. The network is open by nature and welcomes new partners.
Research is conducted and utilized at several levels. Hundred pilot Carbon Farms test practices and collect experiences of them including effects on soil health and yields. More detailed field experiments studying the impacts on carbon fluxes and sequestration are established on 32 of these pilot Carbon Farms. Also links between soil health are nutrient emisions are studied in these farms.
At nine long term study sites the changes in soil storage and nutrient emissions are both studied. At the intensive study sites, Qvidja, Viikki, Kilpiä and Ruukki, soil analysis, microbiological analysis, atmospheric measurements and modeling are used to study the fluxes and sequestration of carbon plus other climate impacts.
Carbon Action research questions:
– Soil and plant processes: How to support carbon sequestration and the formation of stable carbon forms?
– Farming practices: How to improve farming practices that enhance soil carbon sequestration, soil health and productivity, biodiversity, nutrient retention, and nutritional quality of agricultural products?
– Verification: How to quantify and verify the carbon sequestration and other climate impacts?
– Economics and steering: How to promote science-based practical solutions of climate-smart agriculture with the means of economics and policies?
Research Professor, Head of Climate System Research Unit
Finnish Meteorological Institute