Carbon Action platform brings together and conducts scientific research to enhance soil carbon sequestration and improve climate impacts of agriculture. The platform contains multiple research projects and a multi-disciplinary network of researchers.

The research work includes collaboration with farmers to develop regenerative agricultural practices that enhance carbon sequestration. An important objective is to develop a practical quantification and verification system of carbon sequestration and climate impacts by combining various measurements and modeling. Soil and microbial analyses, plant diversity measurements, atmospheric measurements and modeling are used to study fluxes and sequestration of carbon at study sites. Nutrient retention and nutritional quality of the agricultural products are also studied. Economical and policy analyses are carried out to develop feasible, effective and practical solutions of carbon farming. 

The scientific research in Carbon Action is coordinated by the Finnish Meteorological Institute. Natural Resources Institute Finland LUKE, Finnish Environment Institute SYKE, University of Helsinki, University of Tampere, University of Zürich and Ruralia Institute are partners in the research network. The network has wide international collaboration contacts. The network is open by nature and welcomes new partners.

Research is conducted and utilized at several levels. Hundred pilot Carbon Farms test practices and collect experiences of them including effects on soil health and yields. More detailed field experiments studying the impacts on carbon fluxes and sequestration are established on 32 of these pilot Carbon Farms. Also links between soil health are nutrient emisions are studied in these farms.

At nine long term study sites the changes in soil storage and nutrient emissions are both studied. At the intensive study sites, Qvidja, Viikki, Kilpiä and Ruukki, soil analysis, microbiological analysis, atmospheric measurements and modeling are used to study the fluxes and sequestration of carbon plus other climate impacts.

Carbon Action research questions:

– Soil and plant processes: How to support carbon sequestration and the formation of stable carbon forms?

– Farming practices: How to improve farming practices that enhance soil carbon sequestration, soil health and productivity, biodiversity, nutrient retention, and nutritional quality of agricultural products?

– Verification: How to quantify and verify the carbon sequestration and other climate impacts?

– Economics and steering: How to promote science-based practical solutions of climate-smart agriculture with the means of economics and policies?

More information:

Jari Liski

Research Professor, Head of Climate System Research Unit
Finnish Meteorological Institute

Projects at the Carbon Action platform

JÄRKI and the Carbon Action farmer collaboration

Baltic Sea Action Group’s JÄRKI project has been working actively to promote sustainable agriculture since 2009. In 2019 Louise and Göran Ehrnrooth Foundation and the Sophie von Julinin’s Foundation granted the third 5-year funding for JÄRKI and the collaboration with carbon farmers.

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TWINWIN project

The Nessling Foundation finances the Carbon Action project platform’s research on how biodiversity impacts the ability of fields to store carbon. In addition to scientific research, the emphasis is on creating impact.

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STN MULTA research consortium

Strategic funding for Carbon Action targets ’’stn MULTA: Multi-benefit solutions to climate-smart agriculture’’

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The project ’’SOILADVICE: Sustainable soil management and carbon farming through extensive use of research findings and advisor practices", funded by Maa- ja vesitekniikan tuki, focuses on advancing agricultural advisor practices.

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Verification of carbon sequestration in grass fields (CARBOCREDIT) project belongs to CARBO portfolio, funded by Business Finland. The project focuses on verification.

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”From Carbon Paths to Carbon Highways”, funded by Maj and Tor Nessling Foundation, focuses on educating the Carbon Action carbon farmers.

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"The potential of trees to mitigate climate change in northern Arabic lands" studies agroforestry as a tool to mitigate climate change and agroforestry's effects on crop yields.

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The project ”Effects of organic soil amendments on soil and root microbes” studies how wood derived soil amendments affect microbes in agricultural soil and in oat roots. The project is funded by Maj and Tor Nessling Foundation.

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FluCS Tool project

"Solutions for reliably quantifying carbon sequestration in soil", funded by Maj and Tor Nessling Foundation, develops a tool for reliably measuring soil carbon sequestration.

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